As environmental awareness increases, governments, industries and businesses have
started to assess how their activities affect the environment. Society has become concerned
about the issues of natural resource depletion and environmental degradation. The
environmental performance of products and processes has become a key operational issue.
Many organizations have found it advantageous to explore ways to improve their
environmental performance, while improving their efficiency, reducing costs and developing
a “green marketing” advantage. One useful tool is called life cycle assessment (LCA). This
concept considers the entire life cycle of a product.